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Fitness Confidence Control Power

Fitness

Physical fitness comprises two related concepts: general fitness (a state of health and well-being), and specific fitness (a task-oriented definition based on the ability to perform specific aspects of sports or occupations). Physical fitness is generally achieved through correct nutrition,exercise, hygiene and rest.

Specific or task-oriented fitness is a person's ability to perform in a specific activity with a reasonable efficiency: for example, sports or military service. Specific training prepares athletes to perform well in their sports.

Examples are:

 100 m sprint: in a sprint the athlete must be trained to work anaerobically throughout the race, an example of how to do this would be interval training.

 Marathon: in this case the athlete must be trained to work aerobically and their endurance must be built-up to a maximum.

 Many fire fighters and police officers undergo regular fitness testing to determine if they are capable of the physically demanding tasks required of the job.

 Soldiers of the United States Army must be able to pass the Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT).

 Hill sprints, this training requires a level of fitness to begin with, the exercise is particularly good for the leg muscles. The army often trains doing mountain climbing and races.